Raymond Angelo is the Exoticoption.

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Disclaimer on Geography


As you can see below, I compiled a few Physical Geography essays to help me prepare for my As. It was for my own convenience initially, but then I thought my blog looked kinda empty, so I copied and pasted it here. And then I told people what I did and they've come to this blog to copy and paste. I don't mind, but just remember that it's not an all-encompassing list; it's essays I wish to know how to do by the end of my revisions. Which means no Droughts nor Cyclones (which I will never touch)....or any other difficult looking essays.

Also, I omitted repeats and similar looking questions :).

I'll be doing the same for Human Geography and Econs, and I'll be putting it up here as well. Happy studying everyone!

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Meet Geography

Essay Checklist for Geography


Plate Tectonics
-Compare and contrast the different types of plate boundaries. (9m)
-Discuss how the interactions at these boundaries could impact man. (16m)
-Using diagrams, explain how seafloor spreading occurs. (9m)
-To what extent can the plate tectonic theory be used to account for the global distribution and formation of fold mountains and volcanoes (16m).
-Explain the evidences for plate tectonics. (9m)
-Define the term ‘tectonic plate’. Using diagrams and examples, show how fold mountain building occur at tectonic plate margin. (9m)
-Using diagrams, explain the formation of mid-oceanic ridges and island arcs. (9m)

-Describe the nature of erupted materials and explain how they may be dangerous (Dangers/Impacts of Volcanic Eruptions) (16m)
-Explain why volcanic hazards have more severe effects in some areas over others
-Discuss the roles of hotspots in volcanic activity. (9m)
-Assess the strategies used to mitigate and respond to the effects of volcanic eruptions (16m).
-Describe and account for the differences between the types of volcanoes found at convergent and divergent plates. (9m)

-To what extent is it possible to predict earthquakes and to limit their hazardous effects (16m).
-Distinguish between the Richter scale and the Mercalli scale. (9m)
-Describe the main characteristics of seismic waves and their immediate effects at or near the ground surface (9m)
-With reference to examples, discuss the view that the largest earthquakes are not always the most deadly or damaging (16m).

-Compare and contrasts the characteristics of the three rock types. (And their responses to weathering) (9m)
-Explain the formation of the various rock types (9m).
-Using examples, discuss the extent to which the weathering of a rock is dependent upon climate. (16m)
-Assess the extent to which rock characteristics determine the landforms in granite and limestone areas. (16m) *
-Explain the characteristics of granite and limestone. (9m)
-What is the rock cycle? Show how the rock cycle explain the formation and characteristics of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks (9m)
-Account for the relationship between the depth of regolith and climate (9m).
-Explain the differences between chemical and physical weathering (9m).
- How true is that weathering is mainly physical in dry climates and mainly chemical in wet climates? (16m)
-Explain the conditions under which block disintegration, spheroidal weathering and exfoliation may occur (9m).
-Describe the characteristics of a weathering profile and discuss its role in the development of landforms in granite (16m)

Mass Movement
-Discuss the role of man in mass movements. (16m)
-Explain the factors determining the stability of a slope. (9m)
-With reference to examples, assess the strategies used to manage mass movement hazards. (16m)
-Using diagrams, explain the differences between a rock slide, a mud flow, and soil creep. (9m)
-Explain the role of climate in the occurrence of mass movements (9m)


-Using clear diagrams, explain the formation of convectional and relief (orographic) rain (9m).

-Describe and explain what is meant by the term ITCZ and its seasonal movements. (9m)
-Account for the forces influencing air movement (9m).
-Using a well-labelled diagram, describe the formation of trade winds (9m).

-Assess the roles of the main climatic factors that influence the climatic zones of Tropical Asia and Africa. How about the role of the ITCZ? (16m)

Climate Etc
-Describe how urban heat island develop. Explain three ways in which the climate of urban areas differs from surrounding rural areas.
-Describe and explain the term ‘enhanced greenhouse effect’. (9m)
-Explain the causes of present global warming and describe its possible climatic effects. (9m)
-Discuss the possible impact of global warming and explain why it is difficult to resolve (16m).

-Do you agree that man’s activities are the major causes of atmospheric hazards in recent times? (16m)


Hydro flows
-Explain what is meant, in a drainage basin, by the terms drainage density and stream order and bifurcation ratio. (9m)
-Explain the terms ‘width-depth ratio’ and ‘hydraulic radius’. (9m)
-Demonstrate, with the aid of hydrographs, how discharge in a drainage basin can be affected by geology, slopes and vegetation. (9m)
-Outline the factors affecting drainage density (9m)
-Describe how overland flow occurs and explain the differences between HOF and SOF (9m.).
-With the aid of a clear annotated diagram, describe the main features of a storm hydrograph (9m)

Hydro processes
-What factors influence the total amount and nature of sediment load transported by a river? (9m)
-Explain how the climate could influence the flows and storages of a basin. (9m)
-Describe and explain the different processes found in rivers. (9m)
-To what extent do you agree that these processes account for the formation and resultant shapes of river channels? (16m)
-Discuss the relationship between channel pattern and changes in channel efficiency under different conditions (16m)
-Explain the factors that affect channel morphology (9m)
-With the aid of labeled diagrams, describe the formation, characteristics and differences between braided and meandering channels (16m)
-Describe and explain the factors that affect stream competency and capacity (9m)
-Distinguish between the terms dissolved load, suspended load and bed load. (9m)
-Outline the factors affecting river velocity and explain how they influence the river channel’s ability to do work. (9m)
-To what extent are climate and vegetation the principal factors influencing the hydrological processes in a drainage basin (16m).
-“Climate is the only influence on the operation of the hydrologic cycle in a drainage basin”. Discuss the validity of this statement (16m).
-Explain the terms headward erosion, lateral erosion and vertical erosion and the conditions under which they occur (9m).
-Compare the conditions under which turbulent flow, laminar flow, and helicoidal flow occurs within river channels (9m).

-With reference to an example, or examples, examine how a conflict of interest may arise in management of river catchments. (16m)
-Examine the management of conflicts in river basins. (16m)
-Explain how the characteristics/flow of catchment areas can be altered by human activities. (16m)

Saturday, October 25, 2008


It feels like my life's undergoing major changes, and I'm sorta excited, anxious, excited, a tad fearful, excited, and excited.

A-levels are coming, and I think I'm ready.

My NS-enlistment date is out: December 11's the date. It's a bit early, but what am I to do about it?

Oh, and the holidays, whatever little of it is around between the As and NS-enlistment, are coming too, and I can't wait.

Haven't been jogging because I think I hurt my right foot, sigh. But never mind that for now I guess; I've found renewed vigour in studying, and like I said earlier, I'm feeling more and more prepared as each day goes by.

OK then, I haven't been around for awhile, and I don't think I'll be around for awhile more, but yeah, I'm living it up. See you!

Friday, October 10, 2008


I don't normally take pictures of myself ever, but after my jog today, I was so sweaty that I couldn't help but take pictures of just how sweaty I was. Check out the shirt, which is so wet that you can roughly make out the words on the back. And lookie here, even my shorts are soaked! I really got lost in the jog today; I nearly died, but now that I've gotten back, I feel all sorts of energy flowing through me.

Gotta study. See you!

Wednesday, October 08, 2008

And then they hugged.

Tomorrow's bacc, and so, today's our final day of tutorials and tutorials.. It's quite saddening because you just know things won't be quite like what it was, ever. No more talking in classes, doodling stuff, chilling, sleeping, sharing sweets and what not. For sure, I'm going to miss GP with Mrs Chang, bitching with Jeremy and making fun of Kerri at econs, struggling to stay awake with Jolene during geog, falling asleep without fail at every Maths lecture...ahh.

Thus, I got quite nostalgic today, and for lack of better word, emo-shit. I wasn't in the mood to study, so I went home early. At one of the traffic lights I had to cross to get home, I saw these two girls with Down Syndrome at the other side. Near my house is some sort of Special School, I think. Anyways, these two girls looked like the absolute cutest and most innocent kids I'd ever seen, and it looked like they shared a very tight bond with each other. It seemed almost surreal; I mean...these kids have Downs, yet...they didn't seem bothered about it at all.

And what really got to me was when they hugged. I've no idea why they did it, but they hugged, and my heart freaking melted right there. It was as if they were the only two people in the world, and they're struggling against it, but it matters little because they've got each other.

So then the green men goes on, and I begin to cross, and so do they. They've been taught to like...raise their hands when they cross the road. We, the normies, were taught to do so too, but do we ever? So they raise their hands, and I do so too, and I smile at them, and they smile and wave at me, and I wave back, and now there's this energy beneath my feet like something underground wants to come up and carry me.

Side-note: There are people who read this for the funny stuff, people who read this to know about my life, people who're just voyeuristic by nature, and then there are people who genuinely care, and want to see what's up with me. I'm cool, thanks :).

Saturday, October 04, 2008

It's 3AM. What do you do?

I slept at ten-something yesterday, and for some reason, this really screwed up my sleep-cycle, and I woke up at 3 in the morning. That's obscenely early. I tossed and turned in my bed for awhile, but I found I simply couldn't sleep. So yeah, I read my book, went on Facebook, and then at around 4, I tried to sleep again. But I couldn't.

It's like my body, my mind, my heart and my soul are all restless. They thrash about my inner-being crying to be released. Did some meditation, and came to conclusion on certain things happening within, and around me, and I've reached a sense of "serenity" with regards to them, I think. Things might change, but it might now as well, and even if it does, I can handle it.

It's nearly 6, and I've been awake for 3 hours. I'm going for a jog now, and explore Tanah Merah for abit, then maybe take a short nap, then go off to study. Shall re-edit when I get back from jogging if anything interesting happens.

Friday, October 03, 2008

The world has turned and left me here
Just where I was before you appeared
And in your place an empty space
has filled the void behind my face

I just made love with your sweet memory
One thousand times in my head
You said you loved it more than ever
You said

You remain, turned away
Turning further every day

The world has turned and left me here
Just where I was before you appeared
And in your place an empty space
has filled the void behind my face

I talked for hours to your wallet photograph
And you just listened
You laughed enchanted by my intellect
Or maybe you didn't

You remain, turned away
Turning further every day

The world has turned and left me here
Just where I was before you appeared
And in your place an empty space
has filled the void behind my face

You remain, turned away
Turning further every day

The world has turned and left me here
Just where I was before you appeared
And in your place an empty space
has filled the void behind my face

The world has turned and left me here
Just where I was before you appeared
And in your place an empty space
has filled the void behind my face

Do you believe what I sing now?
Do you believe what I sing now?
Do you belie-eve?

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